Updated 2018-05-03 17:08:54 by MattAdams

Named fonts are a great way to create and modify fonts on an application-wide basis. Just create a named font with font create, then use that font name to create widgets or text elements. Then later you can use font configure to modify the named font, and all the text elements will be automagically updated. Here is a little code example, showing named fonts used both in a widget and on a canvas.
    package require Tk

    font create titleFont -family Helvetica -size 12
    font create subtitleFont -family Helvetica -size 10

    canvas .c -borderwidth 3 -relief sunken
    .c create text 20 30 -anchor w -text "This is the Title" -font titleFont
    .c create text 20 50 -anchor w -text "This is the subtitle" -font subtitleFont

    checkbutton .cb -text "Title Bold" \
              -variable titleBold -offvalue normal -onvalue bold \
              -command {font configure titleFont -weight $titleBold}

    label .l1 -text "Family"
    entry .e1 -textvariable subFamily
    label .l2 -text "Size"
    entry .e2 -textvariable subSize
    button .b3 -text "Apply" -command applySub -font titleFont

    grid  .c  -  -sticky news
    grid  x  .cb -sticky w
    grid .l1 .e1 -sticky e
    grid .l2 .e2 -sticky e
    grid  x  .b3
    set subFamily [font configure subtitleFont -family]
    set subSize   [font configure subtitleFont -size]

    proc applySub {} {
        global subFamily subSize
        font configure subtitleFont -family $subFamily -size $subSize

See also font, Introduction to Fonts and Changing all fonts in an application

Bryan Oakley has written an article titled "An Introduction to Named Fonts" archived at http://web.archive.org/web/20090302082049/http://www.tclscripting.com/articles/jun06/article1.html